House Numbers in Zborow in the 19th Century and the People Who Lived There
A Project To Link Families When No Other Data Is Available
By Ann Gleich Harris
With Special Appreciation for the Access and Permission To Use the Research Files of the Kronish and Wunsch Families of Zborow. Thank You Gerald Wunsch and Alan Kronisch.
My paternal grandmother, Anna Heiman Gleich, for whom I am named, came to America in 1904 from Zborow, a medium-sized town along the railroad route from Tarnopol to Lvov. I only knew about her life in America (and she died in 1939 at 56) and nothing at all about any of her family in Galicia. Through resources at Ellis Island, JRI-Poland, Yad Vashem, and the Manhatten Archives, I discovered some tantalizing clues about possible family connections that might lead to unknown cousins and family lines.
By contacting two other researchers looking at records from Zborow, I acquired some of their research files and gained the encouragement and enthusiasm to work even harder at finding the family history. Almost as an afterthought, I noticed there was a great deal of formal documentation that included a house number, which I presumed (or really hoped) was a personal house number. In order to better view and analyze the data, I created a simple table. I hoped that in identifying those who lived at the same house numbers or close by that I could identify other family members. Of course at the time, it never occurred to me that the house numbers in the town might not be consecutive! I am still awaiting a cadastral map for Zborow to explain the town layout, which has so far proven to be hard to acquire. What started as a simple table to chart the information gathered by 3 researchers, has expanded into a major research project.
The simple table developed into an extensive project of documenting all the information I could find about the many surnames I thought possibly might have intermarried with my own family. It was an attempt to “reverse engineer” the construction of familial relationships when no one or no other data was available to consult. There is now information about 150 surnames, not all to the same depth. This has been a labor of love and of time, especially over a 2-year period when I was able to work at genealogy projects almost every day.
To make the information as accessible as possible, I created several indexes. There is an index of surnames in alphabetical order and a cross index by house number of the families that were documented as having lived at that house number. There is another index that links the surnames to the information in all the other indexes. The entire file will be donated to Gesher Galicia for posting on the website in the near future. The first section includes the names of the towns people and their parents and children (as much as I could pack into the row) listed by house number and the document source. Another section contains notes about the families who lived at these house numbers, with as much detail as I have accumulated.
This information was gathered mostly from documents in the various archives in Poland and Ukraine that contain records from 19th century Galicia, including the provinces of Tarnopol and Lvov. For the most part, the available records that have been indexed are only for the years 1875-1904 (very recently the 20th century records). Additionally, the Mormons have filmed records from 1815-1844, but these are still to be indexed. The original intent was to chart the information for targeted families that made reference to house numbers in their vital records, but these are not all the families in Zborow, but those that were thought to have intermarried with the HEIMAN/BETTINGER/MARDER families that were the known and identified relatives of ANN HARRIS, the research editor and compiler. This expanded to FEURRING/BRUST/PASTERNAK and others, as information was revealed.
The original intent was never quite realized, but this body of research stands to honor the ancestors. A corollary project will be to track the families who made it to the new world, mostly New York (and were thus spared extinction in the Holocaust). Another project by this researcher was the translation of the necrology and memorial sections for the Zborow Yizkor book, that is available by contacting Ann Harris.
Map of 19th century Galicia, showing the location of Zborow – click to enlarge
Examples of the Presentation of Information from the Project
House # 3:
Probably, Moses Maurer, Osias Maurer, and Abraham Maurer were brothers because they each named their children Mechel Yossel, probably after Mechel Mauer, 1822-1885, presumably their father. Osias (Shaya) married Sarah Adler; Moses died in 1886 at 26, married to Ruchel/Rachel. Hinde Maurer (1824-1879) died at 55, probably wife of Mechel. Abraham was married to Taube Lea Schwadron of Remirow. Schwadrons were in great number in Zloczow. Maurer brothers may have gone to New York in 20th century
Yad Vashem 7 – Auerbach:
Salka Auerbach was married to Poldi. She was the daughter of David and Leah (Marder) Herman (daughter of Abraham Marder and Tziril Ettel Feuering). Poldi Auerbach was the son of Zalmon and Miriam. He was 30 when he died in the Shoah. Zalmon Auerbach was the son of Meyer and Rakhel and married to Miriam, who died at 63. Children of David and Lea Marder Herman: Moses (died at 20), Yehuda (died at 23) and Salka Herman Auerbach (died at 27). Leah Marder Herman was the younger sister of Mattel Marder Heiman and Mordko (Mordechai) Marder, among other siblings. They are related to the families in Houses #55 and #91. Another Marder sister, Genendel, was the first wife of Arye Leib (Aron) Herman, David Herman’s brother. Aron Herman was one of the few survivors of Zborow, and he emigrated to Australia to start a new family at almost age 65. His son, Michael Herman, lives with his family in Melbourne.
Chaim Mordechai Heiman and his second wife, Mattel Marder Heiman, 1920s, Zborow, are seated. From left to right are: Shaul-Meier, Chana, Natan, Arye Leib, and Sara. Natan and Arye Leib survived the war because they had emigrated to Israel in the 1930s. Chaim Mordechai was the oldest son, and stayed to take care of his mother, Perel Leah Heiman. All of them, including 85 year old Perel Leah, and their own families, died in the early 1940s in Zborow. The oldest son, David Wolf Heiman (later David Herman), son of the first wife, Chana Marder, older sister of Mattel, who died in childbirth in 1900, went to NY in 1921, sponsored by Uncle Hirsch Heiman (brother of Chana and Chaim Mordechai), later Harry Herman.
Chana (Bettinger-Marder) Heiman Gleich, circa 1904. Chaim-Mordechai was her older brother and Mattel Marder was their first cousin, the daughter of their mother’s (Perel Leah Marder) brother (Abraham Marder).