From the archives of The Galitzianer

Published since 1993, The Galitzianer is the quarterly newsletter of Gesher Galicia. A selection of articles from recent issues have been put online, and more pieces will be added to this website in the near future. Articles may also be browsed by issue number or by article type. Members of Gesher Galicia can download full PDF's of past issues, and can opt to receive their subscription to the The Galitzianer in either digital or paper format.

From (Spring, 2000) ·

Explanation of Terms

by Alexander Sharon

The following terms describing various definitions of Jewish religion, Jewish “nationality” and generally Jews, were used in Poland and some adjacent Slavic countries throughout history:

  • Zydowska [zhee dov skah] (from Zyd [zheed]- word derived from Jude)
  • Judaistyczna [yuh da eest eechnah] (from Judaism)
  • Izraelicka [izrah elit skah] (from Israel) Hebrajska [he bra yskah] (from Hebrew) Semicka [ seh mee tskah] (from Semite)
  • Starozakonna [stah roh zah konnah] (from the “Old Testament believers”) Old Testamentaski (sic!) — a sometimes ‘polite’ form has been used to describe “friendly” or patriotic Jews and was a popular term in the 19th century during the Polish National Uprisings against the Russian Empire, in which Jews participated in 1831 and 1863.

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